X and y theory presentation 1 mcgregor's theory x and theory yby: michael mikurenda and daniel leonardi 2 mcgregor developed a philosophical view of humankind with his theory x and theory y in 1960 his work is based upon maslow's hierarchy of needs, where he grouped the hiera. Douglas mcgregor, an american social psychologist, proposed his famous x-y theory in his 1960 book 'the human side of enterprise' theory x and theory y are still referred to commonly in the field of management and motivation, and whilst more recent studies have questioned the rigidity of the model. Managers generally have one of two perspectives regarding their employees many years ago a professor named mcgregor dubbed these perspectives theory x and theory y but what about rank-and-file. Douglas mcgregor's theory x and y: toward a construct-valid measure created date: 20160807154626z. Rooted in the early industrial era, douglas mcgregor's theory x and theory y contrasted two visions of the worker theory x, the accepted model at the time, assumed that workers were drones, without ambition or initiative who had to be punished and bullied by bosses to achieve results.
Theory x and theory y douglas mcgregor (1906 - 1964) is one of the forefathers of management theory and one of the top business thinkers of all time he was a social psychologist who became the president of antioch college. Sacred heart university [email protected] wcob faculty publications jack welch college of business 2015 mcgregor's theory x/y and job performance: a. Arab british academy for higher education wwwabahecouk theory x and theory y in his 1960 book, the human side of enterprise, douglas mcgregor proposed two. Douglas mcgregor, through his well-known theory x and theory y, drew a distinction between the assumptions about human motivation which underlie these two approaches, to this effect.
Almost universal belief that theory y assumptions are superior to theory x assumptions (mcgregor 1960, 49, 245 tausky 1992, 4), theory x assumptions still prevail in the work- place (collins 1996) and some management students still prefer those assumptions to theory. All you need to know about mcgregor's theory x & theory y including how it relates to other theory's such as maslow's and tuckman's with real world examples. Key difference - theory x vs theory y theory x and theory y were introduced in 1960 by douglas mcgregor, an american social psychologist in his book 'the human side of enterprise' this is one of the most famous motivational theo.
Advertisements: difference between theory x and theory y of motivation and its critical appraisal critical appraisal: mcgregor's theory of motivation is simple it helped to crystallise and put into right perspective the findings of the hawthorne experiments. In this essay both of mcgregor's theories on management, theory x and theory y, will have their evolution explained with the differences between the two assumptions described and defined, as well as the relevance that both theory x and theory y have upon management in organizations in the 21st century. Theory x is based on a pessimistic view of employee motivation and behavior, while theory y is based on an optimistic view of employee motivation and behavior theory x managers believe employees. Douglas mcgregor's theory x and theory y biography of douglas mcgregor douglas mcgregor was born on 1906 in detroit, america in 1895, it was here that his grandfather, thomas mcgregor started his business and given its name as, mcgregor institute.
Douglas mcgregor: the legacy of theory x and theory y for many managers in the late 20th century, the idea that there was an alternative to the theory x approach to. Mcgregor observed that mangers generally fall into one of two categories when it came to employee motivation: he labeled these approaches theory x and theory y. Professor douglas mcgregor highlighted that there is a significant relationship between motivation and leadership among people he summarized the findings of the hawthorn experiment by introducing both theory x and theory y it is important to note that both theory x and theory y are based on the. And theory x, because of this assumption that individuals don't like work, does lead to a conclusion that says an authoritarian type of management would be the best way to get the best results.
Theory x, theory y by douglas mcgregor is a motivation theory douglas mcgregor is a social psychologist and applied two sets of assumptions to the organizational structure called theory x and theory y. Influencing such major management gurus such as peter drucker and warren bennis, mcgregor's revolutionary theory y-which contends that individuals are self-motivated and self-directed-and theory x-in which employees must be commanded and controlled-has been widely taught in business schools, industrial relations schools, psychology departments. In 1960, douglas mcgregor formulated theory x and theory y suggesting two aspects of human behaviour at work, or in other words, two different views of individuals (employees): one of which is negative, called as theory x and the other is positive, so called as theory y. Mcgregor theory x and y study guide by clugo95 includes 2 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades.